Environmental preference andrestoration: (How) are they related


کاربر فعال
Agnes E. van den Berga,*, Sander L. Kooleb, Nickie Y. van der Wulpb
a Alterra Green World Research, P.O. Box 47, 6700 AA Wageningen, The Netherlands
b Free University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Received18 December 2000; accepted 24 July 2002
Does the widely documented tendency to prefer natural over built environments owe to the perception of greater restorative potential in natural environments? In the present experimental study we tested the mediating role of restoration in environmental preferences. Participants vieweda frightening movie, andthen were shown a video of either a natural or a built environment. We usedtwo examples of each type of environment. Participants’ moodratings were assessedbefore andafter they viewedthe frightening movie, andagain after viewing the environmental video. Participants also ratedthe beauty of the environment shown (to indicate preference) and performed a test of concentration after viewing the environmental video. The results indicate that participants perceived the natural environments as more beautiful than the built environments. In addition, viewing natural environments elicitedgreater improvement in moodandmarginally better concentration than viewing built environments .
Mediational analyses revealed that affective restoration accounted for a substantial proportion of the preference for the natural over the built environments. Together, these results help substantiate the adaptive function of people’s environmental preferences.

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